Consequences of not paying minimum wage
It is against the law to pay workers below the National Minimum Wage or National Living Wage or to falsify pay records.
Investigation by HMRC
Workers can report employers to HMRC (HM Revenue & Customs) for not paying the minimum wage. Reports can be anonymous.
If HMRC finds that an employer hasn't paid at least the minimum wage, they can send a notice of arrears plus issue a penalty for not paying the correct rate of pay.
HMRC can also take employers to court for not paying the National Minimum Wage or National Living Wage. The maximum fine for non-payment is £20,000 per worker. Employers who fail to pay can be banned from being a company director for up to 15 years.
Taken to tribunal or court
Employers can be taken to Employment Tribunal or court by a worker if they believe they have not been receiving the National Minimum Wage or National Living Wage.